KNOW YOUR TEMPERAMENT TODAY
Yesterday while hanging out with my friend, we had great topics to do justice to, along the line he asked what’s your type of temperament? I replied, What? He continued and said “I’m sanguine” I replied I don’t know what you are talking about and he chipped in, it’s your take-home assignment, Google will help you.
So today in this article, I will define core temperament types, because I believe like I didn’t know about it, most people might also not know about it. I learned this yesterday so I’m sharing with you. Learn how to use your temperament for work and career development.
- Sanguine (enthusiastic, active, and social)
- Choleric (short-tempered, fast, and irritable)
- Melancholic (analytical, wise, and quiet)
- Phlegmatic (relaxed and peaceful)
According to medical researchers, they described these four temperaments as the classification of hot/cold and dry/wet qualities from four elements. Looking for physiological reasons for human behaviors, the considered the ideal personality as one with all four characteristics balanced. They were named sanguine, choleric, melancholic and phlegmatic after the bodily humor such as blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm. They are just the standard and not the only classification of human temperaments.
We all know the terms introvert and extrovert, Experts write, paraphrase, and even plagiarize articles and books on the topic, trying to bring it home: extroverts are best leaders who rule the world, while introverts are quiet and socially disabled personalities. Back in 2010, the American Psychiatric Association even called introversion a mental disorder.
With that said, most of us appear to be ambiverts combining the features or both psychological types. And yet, the preponderance of one over another influences our decisions and career choices by all means.
TEMPERAMENT CLASSIFICATIONS ARE MANY.
Thomas and Chess describe three temperaments based on nine traits: easy (40% of people), difficult (10%), and the slow-to-warm-up (15%).
Another one by Personality Max names four temperaments — Projector, Creator, Intellectual, and Visionary — along with common career matches for each.
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator allows you to identify individual strengths, weaknesses, and possible career preferences based on 16 personality types.
To cut short the long story, I will concentrate on four core temperament types which have fuelled all theories of psychological types. Combining them with the introversion-extroversion scale — as we know, there is a difference in the brains of extroverted and introverted people.
TYPES AND CAREER CHOICES
Temperament is individual differences in emotions, motor, reactivity, and self-regulation. It demonstrates consistency across situations and over time, so it’s logical to assume it influences the career choices we make. The problem is, some people ignore their individual peculiarities, trying to get ahead of themselves and, therefore, taking the wrong steps at professional paths. Trying to follow other’s footsteps especially those that have a different temperament.
So, emotional intelligence is crucial for those willing to get the most out of their strengths. Applying temperament features to work, we can decide on directions to proceed, professional skills to develop, and the environment to feel most comfortable while building a career.
ARE YOU AN EXTROVERT?
According to psychologist Hans Eysenck, extroverts have a lower basic rate of arousal unlike introverts, which means they need to work harder to stimulate bodies and minds. That’s the reason they crave for a company of others and seek adventures in the environment.
The dopamine system in an extrovert’s brain eagers for novelty, risks, and surprises. They find it exciting to try something highly stimulating; otherwise, they don’t feel “normal” and motivated. Energized by people, extroverts choose careers which:
a) encourage teamwork and collaboration.
b) allow exploring things and taking challenges
to accept enthusiasm.
c) develop interpersonal and leadership skills, flexibility, and productivity boost.
Extroverts are simply more cheerful and high-spirited. People of SANGUINE and CHOLERIC temperament types belong to extroverts.
ARE YOU AN INTROVERT?
Unlike extroverts, extreme introverts have a higher basic rate of arousal, which explains their preference for less stimulating environments: stimuli in their brains need to run through a long pathway for planning and solving problems. That is why predictable situations and time alone are more pleasant for introverts.
To avoid fatigues, stresses, or even depressions at work, people of this psychological type choose careers which:
a) don’t require much publicity.
b) don’t demand strict deadlines or constant rush
c) allow them to develop new skills privately
d) allow to observe and examine situations before making decisions.
MELANCHOLICS and PHLEGMATICS are mostly believed to be introverts. And it seems they are in trend today.
Do you know that introverts are believed to be healthier than extroverts?
They are better at communicating and writing also.
Furthermore, let’s not forget about AMBIVERTS, they can take the best of both introverts and extroverts. As psychologist Brian Little says,
“those who are ambiverts have rather more degrees of freedom to shape their lives than those who are at extremes of other ends.”
TEMPERAMENT TYPES AND REFINED CAREER
Your temperament is a permanent psychological nature determining how you think, feel, and interact. It reflects decisions and behavior, so knowing your abilities and characteristics could help to benefit from them.
As already mentioned above, four basic temperament types consist of SANGUINE, CHOLERIC, PHLEGMATIC, and MELANCHOLIC, the first two belong to extroverts while the last two are considered introverts. Most of us are a blend of two temperaments but one dominates the other anyway, especially if you have an “EXTROVERT-INTROVERT” combination.
Temperament is our permanent psychological nature determining how we think, behave, interact, and work. The great mistake would be to expect someone to become like us or vice versa. With a better understanding of our individual peculiarities, we can take advantage of them for a successful career and a happier life.
Have a great week and learn to understand that everyone must not act like you.